Pomeranian Breed Profile


KC Group Toy

Size Small

Weight Dogs: 1.8 - 2kg; bitches: 2 - 2.5kg

Height There is no height specified in the breed standard, but they average around 17 - 30cm

Average lifespan 14 years

Good with children? Yes

Good guard dogs? Would bark

Moulting level Heavy

Grooming Moderate

Exercise requirement Little

Jogging partner No

Colours All colours acceptable for pets but certain colours preferred for showing

Temperament Loyal and affectionate

Pomeranian Breed Profile

The Pomeranian is a companion dog who loves spending time with people. Light-hearted and full of life, these intelligent dogs can also learn most dog activities.


The Pomeranian is generally a healthy breed and there are no recommended health tests, but the following conditions are known:

  • Patella luxation.
  • Retained puppy teeth.
  • Broken legs.
Patella luxation is a hereditary condition where the dog's kneecap slides out of place, causing the leg to lock, with the foot held off the ground. It is a common condition in small breeds and varies in severity.
Pomeranians are susceptible to retaining their puppy teeth after the adult teeth begin to grow. Having two sets of teeth can cause them to grow abnormally. Check your puppy regularly and if this happens your vet will be able to remove the puppy teeth. It is worth noting that insurance companies often class this as cosmetic surgery so might not cover the costs.
Being a small breed, Pomeranians are fragile and puppies can break their legs easily when jumping or falling from even small heights. Your Pomeranian will also like to follow you around, so take care not to step on him accidentally if he gets caught under your feet.


  • Loyal and affectionate.
  • Light-hearted and full of life.
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  • The Pomeranian is a companion dog who loves spending time with people.
  • He needs a short walk or run each day, but will also enjoy long walks.
  • The Pomeranian is comfortable living in the town or countryside.
  • Pomeranians are good with children but interactions should be supervised. Their size means they can get hurt if play is too rough.
  • Pomeranians should get along with other pets, but remember they can easily get injured by a bigger dog.


  • Pomeranians are intelligent and can learn most dog activities.
  • House-training can take time and effort, particularly as they have small bladders.
  • They often bark when excited or if someone arrives at the house, so it is a good idea to teach your dog the quiet command from an early age.

General care

  • The Pomeranian has a double coat; a soft undercoat and a long, harsh, outer coat. He will need a thorough brush twice a week.
  • He will moult around twice a year.
  • He is energetic, but having a crate where he can retreat to is a good idea.


  • Adaptable to different living conditions.
  • Devoted and fun-loving.


  • Above average grooming needs.
  • Can be noisy.

Did you know?

  • Queen Victoria owned several Pomeranians, which saw the popularity of the breed increase.
  • Pomeranians are often delivered by Caesarean section.