KC Group Working
Weight Dogs: at least 50kg; bitches: at least 45kg
Height Dogs: 60 - 68cm; bitches: 58 - 66cm
Average lifespan 12 years
Good with children? Unknown
Good guard dogs? Yes
Moulting level Low
Exercise requirement Moderate
Jogging partner Short runs
Colours All shades of fawn. Limited white patches are permissible on the chest and the extremities of the limbs - not on the head or body. Three mask variations allowed: black (mask must not extend above the eyes, slight black shading allowed on ears, skull, neck, and down the top line, black nose); brown (brown nose and eye rims); and no mask (fawn coat, skin appears red, nose may be reddish)
Temperament Vigilant and courageous without aggression; affectionate and loyal
Due to his size, the Dogue de Bordeaux is prone to a number of health issues that are typical in large breeds, such as heart disease, kidney disease, and bone cancer. In particular, he may be affected by:
Bloat normally occurs when there is an abnormal accumulation of air, fluid, or foam in the stomach. As the stomach swells it can rotate, trapping air, food, and water. The condition can be caused by stress, rapid eating, and exercising immediately before or after a meal. Bloat is a life-threatening condition and must be caught early. Signs of bloat include restlessness, a ‘hunched-up' appearance, retching, and a bloated abdomen.
Hip and elbow dysplasia affect the stability of the hip and elbow joints.
Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a painful condition where the cartilage in moveable joints deteriorates, leading to pain, stiffness, and a reduction in flexibility.
Entropion is a disorder of the eyelid, causing it to roll inwards and rub against the cornea, resulting in great discomfort. If untreated, it can lead to more serious eye problems and, in severe cases, blindness.
Panosteitis (long bone disease) is caused by excessive bone production in the long bones. It is most commonly seen between the ages of five to 12 months. The condition is painful, but affected dogs normally grow out of it.
There are no compulsory tests in place for the breed, but it is strongly recommended that you ensure that the parent dogs of any puppies you view have been hip scored. The Dogue de Bordeaux is listed under the Kennel Club/British Veterinary Association hip dysplasia scheme. The average hip score in the Dogue de Bordeaux is 22 (each hip is scored individually and the two figures added together to give the dog's final hip score).
Breeders are advised to use only breeding stock with scores well below this figure. A breeder should be able to provide documentation proving that this has been done. It is advised that you do not buy from a breeder who can't do this.